Events

Наследие великих мыслителей

28 августа в соответствии с распоряжением Кабинета Министров в Самарканде открыва¬ется международная научная конференция «Центральноазиатский Ренессанс в истории мировой цивилизации», направленная на глубокое изучение и осмысление непреходящего значения исторического наследия исследователей и мыслителей региона, широкое ознаком¬ление отечественной и мировой общественности с их бесценным вкладом в развитие науки. В преддверии столь масштабного события “ПВ" начинает публикацию материалов ведущих ученых Узбекистана на эту тему.
В условиях сложных глобализационных процессов важную роль имеет международное гуманитарное сотрудничество - ключевой аспект национального, регионального и общеми¬рового Аналога и устойчивого развития.
входящим в сокровищни¬цу мировой цивилизации. Всей планете известны выдающимися открытиями в области математики, астрономии, геодезии, минера¬логии, фармакологии, медицины, общество¬ведения такие наши великие предки, как Мухаммад аль-Хорезми, Абу Райхан Беруни, Абу Али ибн Сина, Мирзо Улугбек и многие другие. Так, с именем Хорезми связано первое употребление понятий алгоритм и нуль, десятичной системы, Улугбек еще в XV веке построил в Самарканде обсерваторию и создал там звездные таблицы, отличавшиеся особой точностью. Труд Авиценны "Канон врачебной науки" около 500 лет изучался студентами-медиками в самых известных ев¬ропейских вузах.
Теория и практика государства и общества также была предметом обсуждения многих мыслителей и государственных деятелей Центральной Азии. Так, Фараби первым из средневековых мыслителей разработал учение об особенностях и структуре социальной жизни. В своем "Трактате о взглядах жителей доброде¬тельного города" он отмечал, что управление страной бывает двух типов: первое - ведущее жителей к истинному счастью и второе - к иллюзорному, ложному. Великий же визирь государства Сельджукидов Низам уль-Мульк подробно описал принципы государственного управления, правила воспитания, моральные и функциональные качества владык и чиновни¬ков, а выдающийся поэт Алишер Навои - качества "совершенного человека и правителя". Во многих исторических источниках сообщается о необходимости воспитания высоких мораль¬ных качеств и образованности чиновников, преданности в служении своему государству, что свидетельствует о серьезных требованиях к подготовке кадров для ведения активных внутри- и межгосударственных отношений. Взгляды наших мыслителей оказали немалое влияние на их европейских коллег.
Следует также отметить выдающиеся зас¬луги, в том числе дипломатические,  Амира Темура, способствовавшие укреплению диалога государств Запада и Востока. Его слова "совет, благоразумие, обдуманность вдесятеро полезнее в политике, чем сила оружия" являются не только квинтэссенцией всей его деятельности, но и актуальны для современности, поскольку в них заключен принцип превентивной дипломатии, когда политическим путем решаются спорные вопросы и конфликтные ситуации. Эти идеи приняты за основу ООН и другими международными и региональными организациями.
Великий индийский государственный деятель и мыслитель Джавахарлал Неру подчер¬кивал, что основанная Бабуром династия сыграла огромную роль в истории развития этой страны. Бабуриды внесли большой вклад не только в укрепление национальной государственности, но и межэтнической и межконфессиональной толерантности. Общность исторических процессов стала важ¬ным фактором налаживания тесных связей между нашими странами.
Другой видный представитель нашей науки - Беруни. Обладая энциклопедическими знаниями, он мог вести глубоко научную дискуссию со специалистом любой отрасли - от математики и астрономии до поэзии и истории. Прекрасно владел санскритом, арабским, персидским, согдийским, сирийским, древнееврейским, греческим и другими языками. Еще задолго до открытия амери¬канского континента предсказал его существование. Все его произведения о традиициях, культуре и истории других народов проникнуты духом высочайшего уважения к ним. Известный американский профессор Фре¬дерик Старр отмечает, что Беруни был мостом между античным миром и европейскими исследователями, он совершил свои откры¬тия благодаря систематическому и строгому применению логических размышлений, бу¬дучи не ограниченным религиозными догмами и светскими концепциями.
Также Старр указывает на то, что в течение нескольких столетий Центральная Азия была интеллектуальным хабом мира. Мыслители края сыграли огромную роль в развитии взаимообмена достижениями материальной и ду¬ховной культуры народов Востока и Запада. В ту пору на арабский язык были переведены сочинения Платона, Аристотеля, Архимеда, Сократа, Гиппократа, многие из них именно так вошли позднее в европейскую культуру. В свою очередь, на латынь были переведены труды Аль-Хорезми, Фергани, Фараби, Ибн Сины, пополнившие знания европейцев о ма¬тематике, астрономии, медицине.
По мнению известного историка экономики профессора Андрю Гунтера Франка, Центральная Азия действительно на протяжении столетий была важным связующим звеном между разными частями континента, а также Азией и Европой. Он определяет статус регио¬на, употребляя выражение "Centrality of Central Asia" - центричность Центральной Азии. Немецкий ученый Адам Мец также отмечает, что гуманизм средневекового европейского Ренессанса не был бы возможен без раннего взрыва изучения философии на нашей земле. Все это доказывает несостоятельность различных однобоко ориентированных концепций развития Востока и Запада, подтверждает единство и взаимосвязанность исторических f, процессов различных регионов мира.
Таким образом, долгое время эта древняя земля оставалась очагом просвещения и науки, одним из центров мировой цивилизации, а стремление к знаниям всегда было неотъемлемой частью менталитета нашего народа. Величайшая заслуга мыслителей средневековья состоит в том, что они высказывали идеи об общечеловеческом, общественном и государственном развитии, основанном на идеях гуманизма, просвещения и взаимоуважения. Эти ученые отличались высокой академической мобильностью и сыграли значительную роль в становлении наук в различных странах Востока, расширении взаимообмена между регионами и континентами и развитии миро¬вой цивилизации в целом.
Современный Узбекистан продолжает тра¬диции развития межкультурного и межцивилизационного диалога. За многие века совместного проживания здесь представителей различных наций и вероисповеданий были установлены традиции взаимного уважения и толерантности. Наша и другие страны стали активными участниками различных проектов возрождения Великого шелкового пути, стимулирующих экономическое и политическое сотрудничество с государствами Европы и Азиатско-Тихоокеанского региона. В углублении этого диалога огромна роль исторического наследия. Его постижение помогает в осмыслении общности народов и общемировых процессов и понимании будущих перспектив.




Конкурс "Самая лучшая научно-популярная статья, посвященная памяти Ислама Каримова"

В целях увековечения памяти Первого Президента Республики Узбекистан и исторической роли Ислама Каримова, его огромного вклада в обретение независимости, построение национальной государственности, а также популяризации его наследия проводится конкурс “Самая лучшая научно-популярная статья, посвященная памяти Ислама Каримова”. 
Организаторы конкурса – Национальная телерадиокомпания Узбекистана, Республиканский центр пропаганды духовности, Научно-практический центр национальной идеи и идеологии, Академия государственного управления при Президенте Республики Узбекистан, Министерство культуры Республики Узбекистан, Министерство высшего и среднего специального образования Республики Узбекистан, Академия наук Узбекистана, Союз молодежи Узбекистана, Фонд поддержки общественной деятельности ветеранов Узбекистана “Нуроний”, Республиканский благотворительный общественный фонд “Махалла”, Агентство по печати и информации Узбекистана, Национальное информационное агентство Узбекистана, Информационное агентство “Жахон”, Научно-просветительский мемориальный комплекс имени Первого Президента Республики Узбекистан Ислама Каримова при Президенте Республики Узбекистан. 
Конкурс проводится в один этап в преддверии 80-летия Ислама Каримова. 
На конкурс до 15 декабря 2017 года принимаются материалы, опубликованные в 2016-2017 годах в республиканских и зарубежных газетах и журналах, интернет-изданиях. 
Для победителей конкурса учреждены следующие награды: 
Победитель конкурса “Самая лучшая научно-популярная статья, посвященная памяти Ислама Каримова” награждается специальным дипломом и денежной премией в размере 100-кратной минимальной заработной платы, установленной в Республике Узбекистан. 
Два участника, занявших второе место, награждаются специальным дипломом и денежной премией в размере 75-кратной минимальной заработной платы, установленной в Республике Узбекистан. 
Три участника, занявших третье место, награждаются специальным дипломом и денежной премией в размере 50-кратной минимальной заработной платы, установленной в Республике Узбекистан. 
Наряду с этим организаторы конкурса учредили и поощрительные призы. 

Условия конкурса: 
на конкурс принимаются работы, опубликованные в национальных и зарубежных газетах и журналах, интернет-изданиях. 
При оценке представленных на конкурс научно-популярных статей применяются следующие критерии: 
раскрытие огромного вклада, исторической роли Первого Президента Республики Узбекистан Ислама Каримова в обретении независимости, построении национальной государственности; 
описание жизни и раскрытие многогранной деятельности Ислама Каримова в качестве выдающейся личности, основателя и строителя свободного гражданского общества и демократического государства, основанного на рыночной экономике; 
раскрытие истории становления и укрепления Узбекистана в качестве независимого государства под руководством Ислама Каримова; 
соответствие исторической действительности; 
широкое использование научных источников; 
написание на высоком научном, художественном уровне; 
предназначенность для широкого читателя. 

К материалам, направленным на конкурс, должны быть приложены: 
справка (объективка) об авторе; 
сведения о месте жительства, номерах домашнего и рабочего телефонов автора; 
копия паспорта автора. 
Торжественное награждение победителей конкурса проводится 30 января 2018 года – в день рождения Ислама Каримова. 

O‘zbekiston xotin-qizlariga bayram tabrigi

Muhtarama onaxonlar, qadrli opa-singillar, dilbar qizlarim! 
Ona tabiat chiroy ochib, atrof-muhit yashil libosga burkanib, bahor nashidasi tobora kuchayib borayotgan ayni shu fusunkor ayyomda siz, azizlarimni, sizlarning timsolingizda butun O‘zbekiston xotin-qizlarini 8-mart bayrami bilan chin qalbimdan tabriklashni o‘zim uchun katta baxt deb hisoblayman. 
Mana shu bayram kunlarida biz – yurtimizning keksayu yosh barcha-barcha erkak zoti, mard o‘g‘lonlari haqiqatan ham Yaratganning mo‘jizasi bo‘lmish ayol siymosi oldida, avvalambor, mehribon onalarimiz oldida bosh egib, ta’zim bajo keltiramiz. 
Munis opa-singillarimiz, vafodor umr yo‘ldoshlarimiz, dunyodagi eng chiroyli, latofatli qizlarimizni tabriklab, ularning sha’niga samimiy va ezgu tilaklarimizni, chuqur hurmatimizni izhor etamiz, jajji qizaloq nabiralarimizni bag‘rimizga bosib, chin yurakdan qutlaymiz. 
Shu kunlarda hammamizning tilimizda, dilimizda bo‘lgan bir fikrni hech ikkilanmasdan aytishni zarur deb bilaman. 
Bu dunyoda shirin va ahil, baxtli hayot uchun poydevor yaratib, insonni inson, oilani mustahkam oila qiladigan, biz uchun sevgi-muhabbat, vafo va sadoqat timsoli bo‘lib kelayotgan siz, go‘zal va betakror, qadrdon ayollarimiz, desak, ayni haqiqatni aytgan bo‘lamiz. 
Chindan ham, o‘zining beqiyos mehri va fidoyiligi, sabr-qanoati va chidamliligi bilan xonadonlarimizda, butun jamiyatimizda tinchlik-xotirjamlik, totuvlik va hamjihatlik muhitini saqlab, hayotimizga fayzu tarovat bag‘ishlaydigan, tunlari bedor bo‘lib, bolalarimizni barkamol insonlar, Vatanimizning mard va jasur himoyachilari etib voyaga yetkazadigan kim? 
Mehribon va oqila ayollarimiz emasmi? 
Umr yo‘llarimizda qanday og‘ir sinov va mashaqqatlar duch kelmasin, ularni yengib o‘tishda ruhimizni ko‘tarib, kuchimizga – kuch, g‘ayratimizga – g‘ayrat qo‘shadigan insonlar ham, hech shubhasiz, dunyodagi eng mo‘tabar zotlar, qalbi daryo ayollarimizdir. 
Shu ma’noda, Alisher Navoiy bobomizning “Ayollar – farishtalarning opa-singillaridir” degan hikmatli so‘zlarida qanday chuqur ma’no borligini, o‘ylaymanki, hammamiz yaxshi tushunamiz. 
Hurmatli yurtdoshlar! 
Biz o‘z oldimizga qo‘ygan oliy maqsadimizga erishish yo‘lida, ya’ni jahondagi eng taraqqiy topgan, demokratik va erkin davlatlar qatoriga kirish, xalqimizning hayot darajasi va sifatini oshirish, xalqaro maydonda mamlakatimizning obro‘-e’tiborini yuksaltirishda, muxtasar qilib aytganda, bugun O‘zbekistonimiz qo‘lga kiritayotgan ulkan marralarda – bu qaysi soha, qaysi kasb-hunar bo‘lmasin, ularning barchasida ayollarimizning munosib, buyuk hissasi borligini minnatdorlik bilan ta’kidlaymiz. 
Bu haqda gapirganda, xotin-qizlarimizning nafaqat kundalik turmushda, balki davlat miqyosidagi eng muhim masalalarni hal qilishda o‘rni va roli tobora ortib borayotganini alohida qayd etishni zarur deb bilaman. 
Bugungi kunda yuzlab deputat ayollarimiz Oliy Majlis va mahalliy Kengashlarda xalq vakillari bo‘lib faoliyat ko‘rsatayotgani, davlat va jamiyat boshqaruvida, siyosiy va ijtimoiy hayotimizda, fuqarolik institutlari va nodavlat tuzilmalarda qanchadan-qancha opa-singillarimiz el-yurt manfaati uchun jonbozlik bilan xizmat qilayotganini hurmat bilan e’tirof etamiz. 
Biz uchun ustuvor ahamiyatga ega bo‘lgan ta’lim-tarbiya, madaniyat va ilm-fan sohalarida mehnat qilayotgan xodimlarning 73 foizini, sog‘liqni saqlash tizimida 75 foizini, ishlab chiqarish tarmoqlarida 42 foizini, qishloq xo‘jaligida 43 foizini aynan ayollar tashkil etayotgani ularning haqiqatan ham biror-bir sohada hech kimdan qolishmasligini ko‘rsatadi. 
Hozirgi vaqtda mamlakatimizdagi kichik biznes subyektlarining 120 mingdan ziyodini, fermer xo‘jaliklarining 4 ming 550 dan ortig‘ini xotin-qizlar samarali boshqarib, barchaga o‘rnak va namuna bo‘lib kelmoqda. 
Men joylarda bo‘lib, mana shunday o‘zining qadr-qimmatini, hayotning pastu balandini yaxshi biladigan, kelajakka katta ishonch bilan qarab, sidqidildan mehnat qilayotgan opa-singillarimiz bilan uchrashib, suhbat qurganda, ochig‘ini aytishim kerak, o‘zim uchun katta taassurot, ma’naviy-ruhiy quvvat olaman. 
Jamiyatimiz taraqqiyotini bugungi yuksak bosqichga ko‘tarishda dunyoda o‘xshashi kam bo‘lgan noyob tuzilma – mahalla faollarining, xususan, diniy ma’rifat va ma’naviy-axloqiy tarbiya masalalari bo‘yicha maslahatchi bo‘lib ishlayotgan, ko‘pni ko‘rgan, jonkuyar opa-singillarimizning beqiyos hissasi borligi barchamizni albatta quvontiradi. Elu yurtimiz o‘rtasida sog‘lom muhitni mustahkamlash, xonadonlarda turli ginayu arazlarning oldini olish, yosh oilalarni qo‘llab-quvvatlash borasida o‘zini ayamasdan mehnat qilayotgan ana shunday ming-minglab ayollarimizga o‘z nomimdan, xalqimiz nomidan samimiy tashakkur izhor etishni o‘zimning burchim, deb bilaman. 
Aziz opa-singillar! 
Biz Vatanimiz mustaqilligining birinchi kunlaridan boshlab yurtimizda oila, onalik va bolalikni himoya qilish, ayollarning huquq va manfaatlarini ta’minlash, ularning jamiyatdagi o‘rni va nufuzini oshirish kabi muhim vazifalarni davlat siyosati darajasiga ko‘targanimiz va bu sohada amalga oshirayotgan ishlarimiz bugungi kunda jahon miqyosida havas bilan tan olinmoqda. 
Bu haqda ko‘p gapirmasdan, birgina 2015-yilning o‘zida tadbirkor ayollar uchun ajratilgan kreditlar 1 trillion 255 milliard so‘mni yoki 2014-yilga nisbatan 130 foizni tashkil etganini aytish kifoya, deb o‘ylayman. 
Hech shubhasiz, bunday ko‘mak va yordam xotin-qizlarning qobiliyati va salohiyatini ro‘yobga chiqarish, ularning jamiyatimiz hayotidagi munosib ishtirokini ta’minlashda muhim amaliy qadam bo‘lmoqda. 
O‘tgan yili kasb-hunar kollejlarini bitirgan 230 mingdan ko‘proq qiz bolalar ishga joylashtirilgani, tadbirkorlik sohasida o‘z ishini boshlayotgan 6 mingdan ortiq yosh qizlarga 51 milliard so‘mdan ziyod kreditlar ajratilgani ham opa-singillarimizning hayotiy manfaatlarini ta’minlash borasidagi salmoqli ishlarimiz qatoriga kiradi. 
Shu bilan birga, keyingi ikki yilda 2 ming 80 ta xonadonga mo‘ljallangan 57 ta ko‘p qavatli “Kamolot” uylari barpo etilib, yosh oilalarga berilgani, minglab yoshlarimiz uchun imtiyozli ipoteka va iste’mol kreditlari ajratilgani va bunday tadbirlar izchil davom ettirilayotganini qayd etish o‘rinlidir. 
Shular haqida so‘z yuritar ekanmiz, 2015-yilda 1 ming 668 nafar sportchimiz, jumladan, 567 nafar qizimiz xalqaro musobaqalarda ishtirok etib, 983 ta medalga erishgani, iqtidorli farzandlarimiz nufuzli xalqaro tanlovlarda 137 ta sovrinli o‘rinni, jumladan, 76 ta gran-prini qo‘lga kiritganini yurtimizda sog‘lom va barkamol avlodni shakllantirishga qaratilgan keng ko‘lamli ishlarimizning amaliy natijasi sifatida qabul qilamiz. 
Ayni vaqtda xotin-qizlarimiz uchun yanada qulay sharoitlar yaratish, ularning og‘irini yengil qilish, o‘z bilim va professional malakasini amalda namoyon etishi uchun keng yo‘l ochib berish bo‘yicha hali ko‘p ish qilishimiz kerak. 
Ayniqsa, jondan aziz farzandlarimizni dunyoda hech kimdan kam bo‘lmaydigan insonlar qilib kamol toptirish, avvalo, qiz bolaning taqdiri haqida g‘amxo‘rlik qilish, uni bamisoli jamiyatimizning gulidek tarbiyalab, voyaga yetkazish, bo‘lajak oilaning baxtli bekasi sifatida ko‘rish vazifasi, yana va yana bir bor aytaman, barchamizning eng oliy maqsadimiz bo‘lishi darkor. 
Nega deganda, buning negizida xalqimiz, millatimizning hayoti, kelajagi bilan bog‘liq oddiy va shu bilan birga, o‘ta mas’uliyatli haqiqat mujassam bo‘lib, uni hech qachon unutmasligimizni istardim. Ya’ni, qizlarimiz timsolida biz avvalambor bo‘lg‘usi onalarni, ham jismoniy, ham ma’naviy sog‘lom avlodni o‘zimizga tasavvur qilamiz, naslimiz davomchilarini ko‘ramiz. Hech shubhasiz, qiz bola sog‘lom, bilimli, zamonaviy kasb-hunar egasi bo‘lsa, u quradigan oila ham, bu oilaning mevasi bo‘lmish bola ham sog‘lom va baxtli bo‘ladi. Oila sog‘lom va baxtli bo‘lsa, butun jamiyat barqaror va farovon bo‘ladi. 
Hammamiz yaxshi tushunamizki, mamlakatimizda 2016-yilning Sog‘lom ona va bola yili deb e’lon qilinishi avvalo ana shunday ezgu maqsadga xizmat qiladi. Ushbu dastur doirasida jami 7 trillion 483 milliard 300 million so‘m va 194 million 400 ming dollar hajmidagi ishlarni amalga oshirish belgilanganining o‘zi, o‘ylaymanki, uning miqyosi va ko‘lami qanday ulkan ekanidan dalolat beradi. 
Dasturda belgilangan, kundalik hayotimizda eng muhim e’tibor qaratish zarur bo‘lgan yo‘nalishlar haqida gapirganda, birinchi navbatda, tibbiyot maskanlari, oilaviy poliklinikalar, qishloq vrachlik punktlarining moddiy-texnik bazasini mustahkamlash, akusher-ginekologlar, bolalar shifokorlarining malakasini yuksaltirish, ona va bolaning sog‘lig‘idan muntazam xabar olib, ularga tegishli yordam ko‘rsatadigan patronaj hamshiralar sonini ko‘paytirish kabi o‘ta dolzarb masalalar bundan buyon ham diqqatimiz markazida bo‘ladi. 
Yurtimizda hukm surayotgan o‘zaro hurmat, mehr-oqibat va ahillikni yanada mustahkamlash, yoshlarimizning ongi va qalbini bizga mutlaqo yot bo‘lgan zararli oqim va ta’sirlardan, “ommaviy madaniyat” xurujlaridan saqlash, oilalarda, mahallalarda olib borayotgan tarbiyaviy ishlarimizni yangi bosqichga ko‘tarishni bugun tobora keskinlashib, murakkablashib borayotgan hayotning o‘zi barchamizdan talab etmoqda. 
Ana shunday o‘tkir masalalarni yechishda men siz, muhtarama ayollarimizga, sizlarning aql-zakovatingiz, olijanob fazilatlaringizga tayanishimni, sizlarni o‘zimning eng yaqin maslahatchilarim va safdoshlarim, deb bilishimni fursatdan foydalanib bugun yana bir bor ta’kidlab aytmoqchiman. 
Aziz va qadrli opa-singillarim! 
Bamisoli bahor elchisi bo‘lib kelayotgan, o‘zingizdek go‘zal va dilbar mana shu qutlug‘ ayyomda barchangizga sihat-salomatlik, baxt va omad, xonadonlaringizga fayzu baraka tilayman. 
Umringiz uzoq, iqbolingiz ziyoda bo‘lsin! 
Barcha ezgu orzu-niyatlaringiz amalga oshsin! 
Doimo oilangiz va farzandlaringiz, elu yurtimiz ardog‘ida bo‘ling, azizlarim, mehribonlarim! 
Islom Karimov,
O‘zbekiston Respublikasi Prezidenti 

Holding Company

City of Mumbai (India) hosted 74th plenary session of the International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC). The Republic of Uzbekistan is a full member of ICAC. The forum was attended by representatives of Member States and international organizations, as well as delegates from other non-member countries.
During the plenary session Chairman of the Board of HC "Uzpaxtasanoateksport" A.Kamalov informed those present about progressive development of Uzbekistan, sustained high rates of growth and diversification of economy, increasing industrial capacity of the country.
Forum participants paid particular attention to establishment of the Holding Company "Uzpahtasanoateksport", which is united and carries out its activity based on corporate management practices. The holding company combines activities of receiving and processing raw cotton, production and export of cotton fiber, production of cotton oil, research in the cotton sector. It was noted that goals and objectives of new company include improvement of cotton products quality,  technology of primary processing of cotton and cotton seeds, increasing economic efficiency of this sector.
In his statement Chairman of "Uzpaxtasanoateksport" noted that country has consistently implemented structural reforms in the cotton industry, which are reflected in improving image and competitiveness of Uzbek cotton in the world market. While maintaining a stable fiber production, volumes of its internal processing in the domestic textile enterprises are also growing.
It should be noted that the participants of the event praised the efforts of the republic to implement the principles of corporate governance of cotton sector, which will ensure the growth of economic efficiency of cotton sector, increase real income of farm enterprise, cotton- and oil-processing enterprises. Delegates to the plenary session have also marked a large contribution of Uzbek scientists, growers and breeders to development of the world cotton industry.
On the results of presentation, ICAC representatives and international experts shared their views and comments in an interview with Jahon Information Agency.
J.Sette, Executive Director of ICAC:
- Uzbekistan is one of the key countries of the world, which have a high potential in matters of production, processing and export of cotton fiber. Having familiarized with the presentation of Uzbek delegation, I want to note that combination of all cotton of republic in Holding Company "Uzpaxtasanoateksport" will further serve for development of cotton industry.
During participation in 11th International Uzbek Cotton Fair in October this year, I fully felt the efforts of leadership of your country on formation of open and transparent mechanisms for cotton trade. The transformation of this industry towards business and corporate relations will strengthen the position of Uzbekistan on the world market.
A.Guitchounts, Director of Trade Analysis of ICAC:
- Uzbekistan plays an important role in international cooperation on production and export of cotton. With a keen interest we acquainted with the information on formation of Holding Company "Uzpaxtasanoateksport", which combines the producers of cotton, oil, general exporter and research center. I am confident that the implementation of corporate governance in this industry will promote the development of all its departments and improve the quality of cotton fiber.
We believe that the activities of HC "Uzpaxtasanoateksport" will be highly successful. This is especially true today, in an age of intense competition in this area. Our committee appreciates the cooperation with Uzbekistan, confirmation of which is our participation in the Cotton Fair annually held in your country.
E.Macdonald, Consultant at AMCOM, Chairman of the Committee for Standardization and Instrumental Testing of Cotton:
- I am pleased to note a great contribution of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the development of the global system of cotton quality assessment. The information about the results of scientific research conducted by Uzbek branch research centers on development and introduction of new varieties of selection, manufacturing equipment for primary processing of cotton, laboratory instruments on measurement of products quality.
Professor K.Bansal, Director of Indian Agricultural Research Institute:
- Scientific research carried out in Uzbekistan is very contemporary and modern. The republic has the world's largest collection of cotton germplasm. We support the efforts of your country's resource exchange programs with other countries on equal terms.
Jahon Information Agency, 
Mumbai

With a feeling of involvement in prosperity of Motherland

– Under such a motto Tashkent hosted 4th annual National forum of NGOs of Uzbekistan.

The National Association of NGOs of Uzbekistan organized the event in close collaboration with Independent Institute for Monitoring the Formation of Civil Society, Women's Committee of Uzbekistan, Ecological Movement, Public Fund for Support of NGOs and other civil society institutions under Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and other partners.

National NGO Forum was preceded by regional stages, during which the issues of increasing the role of NGOs in democratic renewal and modernization of country, development of social partnership in solving the most important tasks of social protection of citizens, protection of their health, environment, ensuring employment and other areas have been discussed. These stages were attended by more than 2.5 thousand NGOs and government representatives. As a result of regional forums, NGOs concluded more than 600 memoranda and agreements on social partnership with government agencies to implement projects in the areas of education of young people, raising the legal culture of population, ensuring full participation of women in society, rational use of natural resources, development of volunteer and charitable activities of citizens in decision of social and humanitarian issues in the field. Today the parties have already started to implement these agreements.

The capital gathered NGOs activists from all regions of the country in order to discuss current issues, share experiences, identify areas of cooperation with state authorities in solving urgent problems of the socio-economic development.

4th Program of National Forum of NGOs was very intense. Hot topics were discussed in the format of round tables and in an informal setting. It was noted that over the years, non-profit organizations have become an important factor of protection of democratic values, human rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens. They create the conditions for realization of their potential, contribute to social, socio-economic activity and legal culture of population. More than 8300 various NGOs of republic not only boldly embody ideas and concepts in a variety of ways, but also participate in adoption of socially important decisions by government bodies, process of development and implementation of legislation, government programs and programs of development of country and society. A strong legal framework, as well as laws "On social partnership", "On the openness of public authorities and management", "On environmental control" adopted on the basis of the Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country, became an important foundation for this work. Institute of social control has been enshrined in the Constitution.

On the first day of the forum, participants discussed the formation of an effective system of social partnership between state agencies and NGOs, implementation of public control. Representatives of public organizations and government agencies have determined points of interaction, ways to further strengthen the partnership especially in the areas which directly affect the rights and legitimate interests of citizens. They jointly have identified promising areas and forms of social partnership.

– More than once we have been the winners of the grant competitions of the Public Fund for Support of NGOs and other civil society institutions under the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, - head of the center "Mashkhur" of Uzbekistan district of Fergana region Aziza Yuldasheva says. - Due to this we have implemented a number of projects on the all-round support of women and youth. This year, 120 women trained in the free courses in sewing, baking, hairdressing. We cooperate with the local authorities, bodies of self-government, Women's Committee. Consequently, dozens of residents of our district are engaged in home-based work. We enthusiastically welcomed the proposal of the head of state to declare coming year as the Year of Healthy Mother and Child. We intend to take an active part in the development of an appropriate program and its execution.

In the framework of the round table forum participants developed measures on interaction of entrepreneurs and NGOs in the implementation of socially significant projects, increasing social responsibility of business.

- Our organization fully supports budding entrepreneurs in establishment of enterprises and development of the family business, - head of the center of the legal, economic and social assistance "Istiqlol avlod" of Jizzakh region Nazif Kamalov said. – We render informational, legal assistance to rural women. We conduct courses, seminars on training of housewives for demanded careers. Specialists of tax services and banks inform them about benefits and preferences for entrepreneurs operating in the country. The Forum has become a kind of platform for exchange of views, positive experience. It gave an opportunity to discuss ways to further improve cooperation with government agencies. In particular, we have established new contacts with them, have got the information at first hand. We made practical proposals to increase the activity of NGOs.

It should be noted that business entities got acquainted with innovative projects of NGOs in the framework of the fair "Social entrepreneurship - a requirement of time". The best projects will be implemented on the basis of social partnership.

Enhancement of role and place of NGOs in increasing the involvement of youth in building civil society, implementation of democratic reforms became separate topic of discussion. It was emphasized that it is necessary to rely on young people, which is today characterized by high legal culture, active citizenship, desire to participate in managing the affairs of society and state.

Republic’s NGOs presented whole palette of experiences to enhance the youth in the field. Currently, students of educational institutions conduct extensive peer enlightening work on the principle of "equal - to equal".

Particular attention is paid to development of social partnership in the sphere of protection of the rights of women, ensuring their full participation in socio-political, socio-economic and cultural life of country. It was noted that the role of NGOs is increasing in development and implementation of programs in the field of environmental protection and rational use of natural resources, improving environmental performance. As practice shows, environment is just that area, where possibilities of social partnership used mostly efficient.

Following the debate, participants adopted final documents in the form of projects - plans of specific activities. They summarized proposals, which were received from regional organizations, and worked out of integrated recommendations for their consideration and possible inclusion in the State program in 2016.

The forum has become a platform for effective dialogue of NGOs and representatives of the state bodies. The sides have signed memoranda and agreements, have jointly developed proposals on further improvement of law enforcement practice, legal basis of the development of civil society institutions.

In the final part of the event, 62 winners of the fifth and sixth grant competitions have been announced and awarded by the Public Fund for Support of NGOs and other civil society institutions under Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The forum marked the best journalists and editorial staff, which covered the activities of NGOs in the field of social, material and moral support to the elderly and people with disabilities.

THE NATIONAL FORUM OF NGOS OF UZBEKISTAN

Tashkent has held the national phase of the National Forum of NGOs of Uzbekistan

The country’s achievements in the formation and development of civil society, the role and importance of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in the implementation of major socio-economic development, architecting proposals for improving informational and legal frameworks for NGOs effective operation in health, education, social and environmental protection and some other issues were discussed during regional and national stages of the second National Forum of NGOs. The forum summed up its results during the last meeting in the capital.

These forums turned into dialogue platforms for constructive exchange of views on further cooperation between governmental and non-governmental organizations regarding regions’ socio-economic development. According to participants, this communication allows them to analyze this year’s projects and to identify areas of work in 2014 year. The focus was placed primarily on areas where the government needs support and active participation of the ‘third sector’.

Analyzing the path traversed by Uzbekistan, it is possible to divide the process of civil society development and the development of civil institutions in the country in several phases. Principles of NGO activities were constitutionally declared from the first days of independence, as well as their rights to participate in managing state affairs. The state fixed regulations for NGOs’ activities and guaranteed the protection of their rights and legitimate interests. This has greatly contributed to NGOs’ dynamic development. NGOs became an important factor in protecting democratic values, human rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of the people. Taking into account the constitutional guarantees, Uzbekistan’s lawmakers adopted several laws regarding NGO such as: laws on public associations, on public funds, on NGOs, on guarantees of non-profit organizations’ activity, on charity. These laws shaped necessary legislative ground for the appearance of various forms of NGOs: associations, foundations, institutions, unions.

A new stage in the development of civil institutions started in 2005. There were already more than 5,000 NGOs in Uzbekistan during that time. This fact made it a necessity to adopt new organizational and legal measures to strengthen NGOs’ economic stability, material and technical base. President of Uzbekistan signed a decree on measures to assist the development of civil society in Uzbekistan. Public authorities, ministries and agencies have begun to provide all possible assistance and support to civil society institutions. This decree confirmed, on the highest level, NGO’s key role in country’s modernization and democratization process.

This process gained momentum with the adoption in 2008 of the joint resolution of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of Uzbekistan on measures to increase support for NGOs and other civil society institutions. This document established the Public Support Fund for NGOs and other Civil Society Institutions under the auspices of the highest legislative body of the country. The resolution also created a parliamentary committee to manage Public Support Fund’s means.

In 2007, Uzbekistan’s Parliament approved the law on guarantees of non-profit organizations.  This document significantly strengthened NGO’s status. It recognized their right to appeal to public authorities with a request to obtain information necessary to exercise their statutory activities, and right to seek protection from unlawful decisions of state bodies and from acts or omissions of public officials.

The Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country was a logical continuation of the measures on the development of civil society in Uzbekistan. The Concept has recognized NGO to be the decisive factor in democratization and modernization of the country.

The leading NGO organizers - the National Association of NGOs of Uzbekistan, the Independent Institute for Monitoring the Formation of Civil Society, the Public Fund for Support of NGOs and other civil society institutions working under auspices of the country’s parliament revitalized the process and contributed to NGOs’ further evolution. These organizations considerably strengthened their work and spurred civil institutions activities to address urgent issues of socio-economic development of the country. So, this year, the Public Fund supported 273 projects, which is 8.8 per cent more than it did in 2008. The amount of allocated funds increased by 16.6 per cent compared the previous year. NGOs activity in addressing social problems on the ground is rising.  More than 300 national and regional NGOs participated in the implementation of government programs for socio-economic development in 2012, which is twice the amount of NGOs who participated in 2011.

It must be emphasized that the main point to create the National Association of NGOs of Uzbekistan was to establish a platform for a constructive exchange of ideas and better presence of the representatives of the “third sector” from across the country in social control and in social and economic development of regions. Along with this, the association has become a kind of a bridge between the government and NGOs that elaborates joint forms of cooperation. It directs nongovernmental organizations to address the state and society’s urgent problems. Through this tandem, the government learns from NGOs about the needs of local people and develops joint solutions to these issues.

As the chairman of the National Association of NGOs of Uzbekistan Abdumajid Karimov has noted, the country created the necessary legal and institutional environment for NGOs’ work and their further development. This fact evidenced by the qualitative and quantitative growth of NGOs; their number increased by 22% over the past 3 years, and now there are more than 6,000 NGOs in Uzbekistan. That figure is 70 times bigger than it was in 1991. The government has allocated from the state budget over 28.8 billion soums to support socially important projects for the years 2008-2013. Activists of civil institutions are being involved at all stages of socio-economic development of the country. They prepare projects; many of them were included in government programs. NGOs are implementing the programs and are monitoring the quality of public authorities’ execution of their duties. Objectives for the future are being defined today. The current meeting is a great opportunity for NGOs to learn from governmental organizations about exact issues where they need help.

In this context, it is worth noting that the quantitative measure is not an end in itself. It is important not to forget about the quality of civil institutions, their active and effective participation in the implementation of major governmental programs. An example of this is the participation of civil society institutions in social partnership with government agencies to improve the legislation. Thousands of representatives of various civil society institutions attended public discussions of draft laws, including on social partnership, on public control in the Republic of Uzbekistan, on environmental protection, on the openness of public authorities and administration, and others discussions in 2013. NGO representatives showed unprecedented high activity during the drafting of the aforementioned legal acts. This fact indicates that principles and forms of social partnership are extensively used by NGOs on practice.

International experts also note great attention given to the development of civil society institutions in Uzbekistan. A good example of that is the authority given to non-state non-profit organizations. Thus, the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan, that comprises today more than 200 NGOs, has been provided with a quota in parliament. Thus, environmental NGOs are directly involved in legislative initiatives. Its latest proposal is the draft law “On Environmental Protection”, which now passes the third reading in the lower house of parliament. Such active participation of the “third sector” in lawmaking demonstrates the increased legal literacy and political culture of NGOs. People are showing their desire to participate directly in the creation of the democratic state with rule of law and strong civil society. The Women’s Committee of Uzbekistan makes large contribution to the improvement of the socio-political and socio-economic activity of women in the country. It acts for women’s greater presence in elective official positions and in state institutions. In accordance with the presidential decree, the chairman of the Women’s Committee at the same time is appointed to the position of the Deputy Prime Minister; and Chairwomen of the territorial committees act as a Deputy Mayors (hokim) on the ground. There is a 30 per cent women quota for political parties nominating candidates for seats in the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis (the lower house of the parliament). All this shows that civil initiatives turned into independent, stable and popular institution that protect democratic values, human rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of the people.

“Today, the country does great work to implement the directives outlined in the Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society,” said Umid Shadiev, head of sector at the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan. “The Ministry of Justice is actively cooperating with non-profit organizations in the country. The Interdepartmental Coordinating Council in the field of legal advocacy has been created under the auspices of the Justice Ministry. We broadly involve NGOs to take part in this Council. We have signed more than 10 MoUs with NGOs, aimed at improving the legal culture and justice. At the forum, we have heard from a number of NGO representatives many useful proposals, which will be taken into consideration during the development of legislation, governmental development programs and in other legal acts. Such joint work between the Justice Ministry and NGOs contributes to the development of social partnership between government and civil society organizations. I am sure that other governmental institutions also had the opportunity to enter into similar agreement with representative of nongovernmental sector during the forum.

The forum consisted of a series of events: a photo exhibition, an exhibition of NGOs achievements, breakout sessions, presentations of proposals for “Program of additional measures to support NGOs, strengthening their participation in solving urgent problems of socio-economic development of the country”. During the forum there were a “round table” and a series of trainings “From peace in the house to peace on the planet”, relating to the question of NGOs’ participation in strengthening the spiritual and moral foundations and interfaith harmony.

“The main objective of our NGO is to improve the socio-economic activity of women in the region,” said one of the participants of the forum Gulnara Khojaniyazova, director of the center “Woman and Time”, from Surkhondaryo region. “Today, NGOs act as an consolidating element that implements governmental programs and social development objectives. The novelty of this forum is that this time there are public hearings during the forum. During the hearings we learn about the situation in implementation of socially significant projects of NGOs, and see the results of government agencies’ work. By connecting to this important work, NGOs can effectively use these opportunities for further development of social partnership with governmental agencies, and for fruitful execution of tasks on the ground pointed out by the government.

The forum made a substantial contribution to further consolidation of NGOs’ efforts to strengthen social partnership with public authorities.  About 300 memoranda and agreements between NGOs and state agencies were concluded at the end.  NGOs made suggestions to the draft laws mentioned in the Concept. According to international participants, NGOs in Uzbekistan demonstrate great potential; they increase their level of interaction, responsibility and readiness to act as equal partners to the state in solving problems facing society. Such major event indicates NGOs’ high level of consolidation; their increased legal literacy, and participation of the civic institutions to the ongoing reforms in the country.

International Investment Forum Announcement

The Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan is pleased to announce that it will host an International Investment Forum on November 5-6, 2015 in Tashkent city.

The main objective of the event is to present the leading enterprises of the Republic of Uzbekistan, included in the state program of privatization, and to sell them to strategic foreign investors capable of ensuring modernization and technological renewal of production, manufacturing of goods competitive in both domestic and external markets, as well as introduction of modern corporate governance practices.

The Forum will be attended by members of the Government, heads of ministries and departments of Uzbekistan, official foreign delegations, executives of major foreign companies, investment funds and banks, as well as international financial institutions: the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation, the Asian Development Bank and others.

The agenda of the event includes plenary sessions, presentations by major foreign investors on their experience in doing business in Uzbekistan, panel sessions on various economic sectors with presentations of specific privatization objects, visits to enterprises, as well as cultural program with trips to ancient cities including Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva, which will complement the business part of the event. 

The International Investment Forum will allow foreign investors to establish mutually beneficial business contacts and to open up new growth opportunities in the promising and fast-growing market of Uzbekistan.

To participate in the event a registration form should be submitted at www.investuzbekistan.uz. Detailed information about the Forum and documents about enterprises of the Republic of Uzbekistan offered to strategic foreign investors are also available at the abovementioned website.

For more information please contact Uzinfoinvest Agency by phone: (998-71) 238-5222, 238-5137 or e-mail: uzinfoinvest@mfer.uz.

Analysis of Drug Situation in Uzbekistan for 2014

Analysis  of Drug Situation in Uzbekistan for 2014
The main directions of drug prevention policy of Uzbekistan and its implementation
Uzbekistan today countered the threat of drugs all the social, economic and political resources of the state. As part of the monitoring of drug use the country applies more balanced approach aimed at drug demand reduction and prevention of illicit trafficking.State Commission on Drug Control had approved and has been implementing comprehensive Programme of measures to combat drug abuse and trafficking in 2011-2015.In the framework the Program measured to further strengthening the material-technical and human resource capacities of law enforcement agencies, the modernization and development of the drug treatment service, enhancing international cooperation in combating drug trafficking, conducting targeted work on prevention of drug addiction have been implemented.
Combating drug trafficking
As a result of targeted measures to identify and prevent drug trafficking channels as well as comprehensive operations to combat drug trafficking in 2014, the law enforcement bodies of Uzbekistan revealed 6698 (in 2013 - 7680) cased of drug-related crimes, including 3062 (3772) " sales,  607 (623) " smuggling, 1320 (1491) - illicit cultivation of narcotic plants and 1709 (1794) - of other drug-related crimes.
Drug-related crimes revealed in Uzbekistan in 2013-2014
From illegal trafficking there were seized 2 tons 298 kg (2 tons 326 kg) of drugs, including heroin - 106.5 kg. (121.6 kg.), opium - 881.9 kg. (851.3 kg.), marijuana - 802.9 kg. (873.5 kg.), hashish - 100 kg. (143.3 kg.) and kuknar - 406.3 kg (336.3 kg.).
Seizures of drugs in 2014 by regions of Uzbekistan
The main efforts of law enforcement agencies have been directed at prevention and suppression of the criminal activities and inter-regional drug traffickers, who had set the stable channels of drug smuggling across the state border.
For example:
von 18 February 2014 in Termez district of Surkhandarya region a citizen of Afghanistan was detained while trying to illegally cross the state border and smuggling of 64.6 kg of opium from Afghanistan via the Amu Darya River with a rubber boat;von 3 and 13 March 2014 during the special operational activity in the territory of Bulungur district of Samarkand region on curbing the activities of criminal groups, which organized the transport of drugs from Tajikistan, 45 kg of opium was found and seized;von11  April 11 2014 during the special operational activity on drug-smuggling interdiction from Tajikistan in the territory of Zangiata district of Tashkent region 5.7 kg of heroin and about 7 kg of opium  were seized on 22 May 22 2014 the activity of a criminal group organized the smuggling of drugs from Tajikistan to the Samarkand region of Uzbekistan was suppressed. 32.5 kg of opium was found from criminals and seized;von 23 October 2014 during the operational activities in the Surkhandarya region, 12 kg of heroin and 10.2 kg of opium were seized at the attempt to transportation in the territory Altynsay district.
A strict border control and inspection of vehicles are being carried out in order to improve efficiency of detection and suppression of drug trafficking channels across the state border.For example:
von 10 May 2014 in the border area of Surkhandarya region, 2.5 kg opium buried in the ground was found and seized;von 8 October 2014 in Bukhara region during the inspection of a freight train en route in the direction of "Turkmenistan - Uzbekistan" 5.8 kg of heroin was found under the car and seized;von 19 December 2014 during the inspection of a freight train en route in the direction of Tajikistan " Lithuania transit through the territory of Uzbekistan at the customs post Bekabad of Tashkent region, 6.8 kg of heroin was found in the car and seized.
It was carried out a two-stage comprehensive large-scale operation Black Poppy " 2014»  in Uzbekistan in order to detect and prevent the illicit cultivation of narcotic plants, as well as prevent of offenses related to drug trafficking.As a result of organizational preventive and operational search activities 1125 (1223) cases of illegal narcotic plant cultivation were revealed. Illicit crops on a total area of 6692 (10356) sq.m were destroyed.During the operation Black Poppy - 2014» 2900 (3101) drug-related crimes were revealed and 852 kg (785 kg) of drugs were seized.
ENHACEMENT OF INFORMATION-ANALYTICAL AND TECHNICAL CAPACITY OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
In the past year carried out work on enhancing the information-analytical and technical capacity of law enforcement bodies of Uzbekistan in the fight against drug trafficking.To improve the mechanism for the exchange of information and the organization of its central processing, developed a single database on the basis of modern information and analytical software IBM i2», provided in the framework of the international projects.The program had been installed in analytical departments of the law enforcement bodies of the Uzbekistan, and also a simplified form of the database had been developed.The trainings on the methodologies for the analysis of operational information through computer systems for employees of analytical department of the Interior Ministry, National Security Service, Borderguard Service of National Security Service, State Customs Committee and the General Prosecutor's Office have been held at the National Center for Drug Control.Currently, National interagency database system (similar to the law enforcement systems of the EU countries) is under construction.In order to improve detection of drug smuggling across the state border, measures to improve the technical capacity of the competent authorities of the country has been taken.Modern facilities of technical control, including large stationary and mobile scanners equipped a number of the checkpoints of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
PREVALENCE, PATTERNS AND TRENDS OF DRUG ABUSE
The analysis of the drug situation in Uzbekistan in 2014 attests to the continuing positive trend in the key epidemiological indicators. The average-country indicator of the drug abuse initial incidence continued to decrease for 3,8 (4,0- 2013).The number of drug addicts registered for dispensary observation decreased for 1353 and amounted to 14692 (16045) compared to the previous year.
Primary drug addiction per 100 thousand populationfor the period of 2005-2014 
The number of drug addicts, who inject drugs, decreased and amounted to 5110 (6809) or 34.8% (42.4%) out of total number of registered addicts.
The number of injecting drug users in the period of 2005-2014
Prevention of drug addiction
During the reported year, much attention was paid to preventive work, the main objectives of which were reduction of demand for drugs and other psychoactive substances, decrease of number of persons belonging to the group of high risk of involvement into drug use.There were organised regional workshops for deputy directors of schools on spiritual and educational work, leading trainers and teachers of the subject "Basics of Healthy Way of Life", in order to increase the effectiveness of educational and explanatory work with students. The issues of prevention of neglect, delinquency, spread of drug addiction and HIV were widely covered at the seminars. In order to provide methodological guidance, the Ministry of Public Education jointly with the Republican Information Centre and the Tashkent Islamic University organised training courses for 325 experts on spiritual and moral education.The Drug Dispensaries of the Republic conducted 183 workshops for teachers on the 18-hour program of prevention and early detection of addiction to psychoactive substances among children and adolescents.The topical and sportive sections, which involved more than 482.1 thousand children - 10.8% of all students, function as a part of leisure activities at secondary schools. Totally, in order to promote healthy lifestyles, 6.5 thousand sportive sections, which involved more than 1.6 million minors, function in schools and mahallas. The total number of children involved into sport has increased by 12.3%.The ministries, departments and public organizations took measures of primary prevention of drug use among the various segments of the population, especially the youth.In particular, the narcologist doctors delivered 7338 lectures, conducted 3087 seminars, appeared 632 times in the mass media.The drugs treatment institutions of Uzbekistan provided 2526 consultations around the clock via hotlines to the population.A large-scale campaign dedicated to the International Day Against Drug Abuse was carried out in the country.The Regional Commission for Drugs Control of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regional and Tashkent city khokimiyats (administrations) organized a Month of Struggle Against Drug Abuse. It included a number of preventive events involving both public and civil society organizations.There was an event of burning drugs seized from illegal trafficking by the law enforcement agencies of Uzbekistan. The ceremony was also attended by representatives of the diplomatic corps and international organizations accredited in Uzbekistan.
Strengthening the capacity of drug treatment service
Measures were taken to improve the activities of drug treatment services.In 2014, in Fergana city, there was commissioned a new building of the regional drug treatment clinic with all structural units of the outpatient department. Construction of the inpatient clinic building is planned in 2015.Construction of Bukhara and Navoi regional drug treatment clinics is included to the 2015-2016 investment program.For the development of urgent care in Bukhara, Kashkadarya, Namangan and Samarkand regional drug treatment clinics, new intensive care rooms were established and equipped with medical equipment with the technical assistance of the UNODC project GLO/J71 Treatnet II - Treatment of drug addiction and its health consequences.Also, as part of this project, Naloxone medicine was purchased for the drug treatment clinics of the Republic, as well as Application of the blocker of opiate receptors in opiate dependency" guidelines book was published and distributed among narcologists.  
International cooperation
In 2014, a work was done to ensure the implementation of Uzbekistan's international obligations within the legal framework of bilateral and multilateral cooperation on drug control.Within the framework of bilateral cooperation, on 3-15 May 2014 the Uzbekistan delegation made a study visit to the US, meeting with the Michele Leonhart, Administrator of the US Drug Enforcement Administration. The meeting discussed issues of cooperation in the fight against drug trafficking.In the framework of the Uzbek-American anti-drug cooperation, a number of Amendments was signed to the Agreement between the Governments of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the United States of America on assistance in the field of drug control and enforcement from 14 August 2001.In order to increase the efficiency of the Uzbek-Russian anti-drug cooperation,  the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Uzbekistan and the Federal Drug Control Service of the Russian Federation signed Protocol on the exchange of research results in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances seized from illegal turnover (December 10, 2014, Tashkent).The implementation of the Agreement among the SCO member states on cooperation in combating illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors from 17 June 2004 was ensured.The delegation of Uzbekistan participated in the meeting of heads of competent bodies of the SCO member states, authorised to combat illegal drug trafficking (19 June 2014, Dushanbe). The work was carried out in the framework of the Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Centre for combating illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors. Representatives of the National Information and Analytical Centre on Drug Control (NIACDC) participated in the meetings of the Council of National Coordinators of CARICC.The decision on organization of the Centre was adopted at the last meeting of the Council (9 December 2014, Almaty).The coordination of the implementation of a number of international projects of UNODC and OSCE, aimed at improving the material-technical and human capacities of ministries and departments of the Republic was carried out. Training courses, seminars and workshops were organized within the framework of projects in order to improve skills of the competent authorities of the Republic. In 2014, 146 employees of the competent authorities of the Republic took part in training courses and seminars on the fight against drug trafficking, prevention and treatment of addiction.There were held meetings and talks with leaders and representatives of the competent authorities of foreign states on the base of NIACDC, as well as with the staff of international organizations (UNODC, OSCE, and the European Commission).The actual proposals and priorities of activities in the field of fight against illegal drug trafficking, which represent mutual interest, were discussed at the mentioned meetings.
National Centre on Drug Control under the Cabinet Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan

TO THE ATTENTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL APPRAISAL ORGANIZATIONS!

Hereby the State Competition Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan informs that by the Appendix No1 to the Resolution by President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated April 28, 2015 2340 "On Measures Aimed at Increase of Share and Significance of the Private Property in the Economy", the List of Joint-Stock Companies at which the State-owned Shares as well as those owned by Economic Governance Bodies being subject to Sale to Strategic Foreign Investors in way of Conduct of Their Valuation mainly by the International Appraisal Organizations, has been approved.
Based on the above-mentioned, in case of expression of a wish by your International Appraisal Organization to conduct the Valuation, please send, within the two-weeks' period to the address of the State Competition Committee, your kind Proposals related to the given Facilities Subject to Valuation together with the Information about the Activities of your Organization.
Note: the Organizations having expressed their wish shall observe the Legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan and, in the order established by the Legislation, shall obtain the License for the Right to Perform the Valuation Activity.
Our Legal Address:
100003, City of Tashkent, 55 Uzbekistanskiy Ave.
e-mail: info@gki.uz
Phone: (+998 71) 239-44-46, Fax: (+998 71) 239-47-84

To visitors of the web site of the Information Agency

Dear friends!
In recent years, the Internet audience of IA "Jahon" has expanded significantly - our site has established itself as a reliable source of official information on the socio-economic and political development of the country, foreign policy steps of Uzbekistan for representatives from more than 50 countries. We are pleased that in 2014 only online resource was visited by over 1,5 million readers.
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Statement of the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan

STATEMENTof the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan regarding the announcement of the beginning of election campaign for elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, regional, district and city Kengashes of people’s deputies

According to the 2nd part of Article 117 of the Constitution of Uzbekistan and Article 1 of the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On regular elections to representative bodies of state authority and the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan” elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, representative bodies of state authority of regions, districts, cities will take place on December 21, 2014.
With a view to ensuring the elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, regional, district and city Kengashes of people’s deputies to be in full compliance with the electoral legislation, generally recognized international norms and standards, as well creating the necessary organizational and legal conditions for political parties, citizens in the implementation of the constitutional right to participate in the formation of representative bodies of state authority, from September 15, 2014 the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan announced the beginning of the election campaign to the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, regional, district and city Kengashes of people’s deputies.
The relevant resolution was adopted at the session of the Central Election Commission, which established the norm of voters per constituency for the election of deputies of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, at an average of 154 thousand voters.
On this basis, the Jokargy Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan and regional and city mayors’ offices of Tashkent have to make a submission to the CEC on the formation of electoral constituencies for the elections to the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan until September 27, 2014.
In accordance with requirements of the election legislation, lists of 135 constituencies for elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan with their borders and number of voters will be announced until October 7, 2014.
The Jokargy Kenes of Karakalpakstan, regional and Tashkent city Kengashes of people’s deputies must also make recommendations to the CEC on candidates for the district election commissions on the elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan until October 2, 2014.
In accordance with submitted recommendations, the CEC until October 12, 2014 will approve the personal composition of the district election commissions for elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
In addition, the Resolution of the Central Electoral Commission provides that the district election commissions for elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan will be formed until October 22, 2014 and divisional election commissions up to November 11, 2014.
Mayors’ offices of districts, cities, as well as district and city Kengashes of people’s deputies must submit to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan for approval to the relevant district election commissions until October 12, 2014 and recommendations on candidates for members of divisional election commissions up to November 1, 2014, respectively.
The ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the established procedure and in time will have to submit to present to the CEC the information on the formation of election centers at the representative offices of the Republic of Uzbekistan in foreign states.
Taking into account that the elections to representative bodies of state authority are carried out in one day, the election centers and election commissions, formed in the prescribed order, are the same for the elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, to regional, district and city Kengashes of people’s deputies.
Political parties have to present the relevant documents to the Central Election Commission until October 12, 2014 to participate in the elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Nomination of candidates by political parties to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan will start on October 17 and end on November 6, 2014.
Admission of documents from political parties to register the candidates for deputies of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan will stop on November 9, 2014, and their registration ends November 16, 2014.
The interested organizations must submit their observers to the district election commission for elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan up to December 6, 2014.
The Resolution of the Central Election Commission takes note that the divisional election commissions: 
until December 6, 2014 are open for public inspection of voter’s lists and election centers formed at representative offices the Republic of Uzbekistan in foreign states, health resorts, hospitals and other medical institutions in remote and hard to reach areas, correctional institutions until 14 December 2014;
provide timely notification of voters on the place and time of familiarization with voter lists;
notify voters about the time and place of voting till 11 December, 2014;
conduct early voting from 11 to 19 December, 2014.
The participants of the electoral process should pay attention to the fact that, in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On election to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan":
the election campaign starts from the day of registration of candidates for deputies and ends on December 19, 2014. Campaigning on election day and the day before the voting is not allowed;
voting is to be held from 6.00 a.m. to 20.00 p.m. on 21 December, 2014;
The Resolution of the Central Election Commission also provides that:
at the end of voting on December 21, 2014, the divisional electoral commissions start summation of voting results, upon the results of consideration at the meeting of the commission, they draft a report and submit it to the district electoral commission on elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the prescribed order.
In accordance with the requirements of the electoral legislation, the protocol is announced by the chairman or deputy chairman of the divisional electoral commission, and a copy of the report is posted at the divisional electoral commission for public inspection for a period of not less than 48 hours.
The district electoral commission on elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the basis of submitted protocols of divisional electoral commissions shall determine the election results in the constituency and report to the Central Election Commission in the prescribed manner until 25 December, 2014.
Information on the election results and the list of the elected deputies to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, regional, district and municipal Kengashes (Councils) of people’s deputies will be published in mass media till 31 December, 2014.
If more than two candidates for deputies in the electoral district are elected and none of them has been elected, the district electoral commission should make a decision on conducting the second round of voting until January 4, 2015 in the district.
All activities related to the preparing and conducting elections are held by the Central Election Commission, election commissions to be formed in strict compliance with the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, laws on the elections and the Program of measures on preparing and conducting elections to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, regional, district and municipal Kengashes (Councils) of people’s deputies in 2014.
The Central Election Commission is a main organizer of the election campaign. No one, first of all, bodies of state power at the center and in the field, may interfere in the electoral process. Any attempts to intervene in the election campaign and violate the requirements of the law, as well facts of protection will be deterred and punished in accordance with law.
The respective decree of the Central Election Commission will be published in the mass media.

21st Anniversary of Adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Address
by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan
H.E. Mr. Islam Karimov at the Grand Ceremony Dedicated to the 21st Anniversary of Adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Dear friends!

It gives me an enormous satisfaction to welcome You in this beautiful and unique hall, express to all of You my sincere respect and congratulate on the 21st anniversary of adoption of the Constitution of the country which has stands as a solid foundation of building a new state and new society.
Today we have all grounds to state that the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan adopted on December 8, 1992 became a major legal and legislative basis in building the independent democratic state with socially oriented market economy, establishing a civil society in the country where the human interests, rights and freedoms are becoming the principal values, and the rule of law is ensured.
We have also all grounds to assert that the principles and provisions, long-term objectives and tasks stipulated in the Constitution, as well as the rightly chosen and deeply thought-out Strategy of achieving the set goals have become a reliable and decisive factor which determined the radical changes and implementation of the vital socio-political, social, economic and humanitarian reforms, and ensured reaching by our country the horizons which we can be rightfully proud of.
Our life itself gives us all reasons to state about the rightness of the chosen model of reforms and modernization of the country which is widely known and recognized in the world as the «Uzbek model» which fully proceeds from the provisions stipulated in our Constitution.
The essence of this model, as it is well known, is focused in the five principles - deideologization of economy, ensuring rule of law, recognition of regulating role of state as a major reformer, implementation of a strong social policy taking into account the specific peculiarities of the country, as well as the step-by-step nature of the political and economic reforms.
I think today there is no a special need to prove to someone that implementation of the large-scale democratic, socio-economic, political and judicial-legal reforms can be successful only on the basis of consistency, gradual approach, continuity and evolutionary development.
The life itself proves time and again the unacceptability of artificial forcing the democratic processes. The path of revolutionary overturns and violent methods of asserting power, as we see, as a rule, well leads to counterproductive results.
The high frontiers which we have achieved in liberalization and democratization of society, ensuring sustainable and steady development of economy, growth of well-being and standards of life of the population and commendable position for the country on the international arena, first of all, are a result of the deeply thought-out reforms which correspond to the modern democratic requirements in terms of establishing the national statehood and political system based on the principles of checks and balances of separation of functions and power among legislative, executive and judicial branches of power, as well as providing priority of human interests, rights and freedoms, and generally recognized norms of international law.
It was of a principle significance the radical democratic and market transformations in the economy, creation of an unprecedented favorable conditions, benefits and preferences to develop small business and entrepreneurship and farming as a decisive form of the economy in the rural area, adoption of a considerable package of legislative acts to protect private ownership and proprietor rights, creation of exclusively reliable conditions and most favoring regime for foreign investors, constant improvement of the legal and legislative basis and necessary conditions for doing business.
I would like to underscore that in creating exclusively favorable and priority conditions for small business and private entrepreneurship, progressive development of private ownership we see not only the most important source for growth of economy, incomes and employment, but also in establishment of a middle class which now becomes a major buttress and driving force of democratic reforms.
Summarizing the aforesaid, I would like to once again reiterate the very important truth, i.e. the process of reforms, democratization and renewal of society is not a one-time and snap process but a persistently continuous one. This is a process which in the long run pursues the clearly understandable objectives supported by the population.
I am convinced that this is very factor in which we must see the most important conditions and guarantees to ensure success of deep reforms and democratic renewal and modernization of the country.
It is an open secret that proceeding from this understanding of the objectives and tasks of reforms in our society such mottoes as the «reform is not for the sake of reform but for a man» and «don’t destroy the old house until you build a new one» have enjoyed a broad popularity and support among our people.
Along with this, we fully comprehend that progressive movement of Uzbekistan on the path of implementation of the constitutional principles, the large-scale reforms and democratic transformations in terms of state building and socio-political, socio-economic and humanitarian spheres, and first of all, the radical review and renewal of the education system, dynamic growth of people’s living standards have dramatically changed the mentality of people and the image of our country, its place in the world community.
Some indicators of economic development for over the past 22 years of our independent development give us the most obvious evidence and concrete illustration of unprecedented changes taking place in the country.
During this period the economy of Uzbekistan has grown 4,1 times and per capita not less than 3 times. At the same time, we should keep in mind that during this period the population of Uzbekistan has grown to almost 9,7 million people and now makes up about 30,5 million people.
Despite the serious impact by the ongoing global financial and economic crisis, the annual GDP growth from 2008 to 2013 exceeded 8 percent. In 2014 the GDP growth is envisaged at the level of 8,1 percent. One can see such economic growth rates in few countries in the world.
During the years of independence the real gross incomes per capita have grown 8,2 times.
Uzbekistan ensures the balanced macroeconomic indicators and the surplus of annual state budget.
The external public debt of the country does not exceed 16 percent of the GDP. There is a zero-level of domestic debt. The exports and official reserves are on the rise.
During the years of independent development in the economy of the country we have drawn more than 162 billion of capital investments in dollar equivalent, and 56 billion dollars of them are the foreign investments.
In 2013 the volume of capital investments shall make up about 14 billion dollars in equivalent, or 23 percent of the GDP.
What do these facts speak about?
First of all, these are hundreds and thousands of new modern enterprises which manufacture products competitive in the world market. These are hundreds and thousands of kilometers of rail and motorways and infrastructure facilities. These are hundreds and thousands of square meters of housing, and finally, these are a radically changing image of our cities and villages, as well as the growth of well-being and living standards of our population.
These facts speak for the growing trust of the international community in the processes of reforms and modernization of the country. This is the belief in the future of Uzbekistan.

Today we can state with full confidence that during historically short period of time Uzbekistan has turned from a republic with one-sided economy based on raw with a destructive monopoly of cotton production to a dynamically developing country with rapidly growing modern industry.
The fact that the share of industry in the country’s GDP now makes up 24,3 percent against 14,2 percent in 1990 stands as a concrete confirmation of the above-said. At the same time, the share of agriculture in the GDP has decreased from 34 percent to 17 percent in 2013.
In the years of independence we have established such new branches as motor industry, consumer electronics industry, oil, gas and chemical industry, and pharmaceuticals. We have also completely modernized and reoriented the food and light industry, chemical and construction materials industries to manufacture the competitive high value added products, etc.
When we speak about such grandiose structural reforms in the economy and changes in our lives we cannot but say about extremely important and decisive changes taking place in mentality and way of thinking of people, their perception of life and results of their labor.
We see how man is changing, how his civil and political consciousness is enhancing, how his legal awareness is growing. We are getting rid of communist ideology and psychology of dependency, belief in leaders who think for us.
The new generation of cadres is confidently entering our life and taking the leading positions. This is an independently thinking young generation with modern knowledge and progressive vision, the youth free of prejudices and stereotypes of the past, and capable to take on a responsibility for the future of the country.
Without exaggeration I see in this factor the colossal opportunities and reserves which any country can be proud of.
What do these facts speak for?
First, these facts testify primarily about a confident move forward and development of modern democratic society in the country, reforms and steady growth of economy which provides the high growth rates of living standards of population and growing profile on the international arena.
The efficiency and effectiveness of the reforms underway now give us all grounds to say that Uzbekistan has all chances in the historically shortest period of time to join the ranks of the developed democratic states.
Second, the past period of our independent development fully confirms the rightness of evolutionary phased and gradual advancement towards strategic objectives and tasks stipulated in the Constitution with due consideration of historical and national peculiarities and mentality of our people.
Third, we also do realize that there could be modern Constitution and perfect Strategy of achieving the objectives set in the Constitution, but tell me, my dear friends, possessing all of this could we reach the results that we now have without our nation standing behind us.
It is only its courage and patience, persistency and steadfastness, only the heroic labor of our people that have allowed us to get to the horizons which all of us can rightfully be proud of.
From this high rostrum allow me to bow low to all of You and in your person to our entire nation.

Dear friends!
Summarizing the results of what was accomplished during the past period, it is extremely important, first of all, to avoid euphoria and self-complacency. We should not lose touch with reality. We ought to assess our place in the current world in a sober and self-critical way, and keep up with continuously growing requirements of the time and see our perspective.
The «Concept of further strengthening reforms and establishing civil society» adopted in November 2010 by the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan stood as a natural and logical continuation of democratic renewal and modernization underway in the country.

As a matter of fact, this is a long-term Program of the interrelated political and economic reforms, democratization and liberalization of the state system of power and governance, ensuring independence of judicial power, freedom of speech and information, freedom of choice and development of electoral system, establishing civil society in the conditions of globalization and rapidly changing modern world.
In the past period rather profound work has been accomplished on each of these priorities of deepening reforms. One can judge about this by discussions in the press and television, and laws adopted by our parliament.
In this respect, it is greatly important to further enhance the role of legislative power in the state and political system, expand its supervising functions and strengthen the judicial-legal system.
A number of amendments was introduced to the Main Law to further improve the activity of the parliament. The role of deputy associations and fractions of political parties was upgraded at all stages of scrutinizing and passing laws and normative acts.
Today not a single legislative act is passed without consideration of opinions and proposals of fractions (deputy groups).
In accordance with the Concept, we have carried out a consistent work to further reform the judicial-legal system, strengthen independence of courts as the most important component of establishing and democratizing society, ensuring rule of law, reliable protection of human rights and freedoms.
First of all, we have fully abolished the supervisory functions of prosecutor bodies over judicial power. Now the prosecutor bodies no longer have a right to suspend the execution of court decisions.
We implement the legislative acts aimed at expanding the use of the Habeas corpus institution to strengthen the judicial control in criminal process, improve the system and mechanisms of ensuring competition between defense and prosecution.
From criminal-procedural legislation we have excluded the powers of court to instigate a criminal case and announce indictments on it. We have also enhanced the judicial control over investigation at the stage of pretrial proceedings. The application of such measures of procedural compulsion as removing from a post and placement of a person in medical institution has been relegated to courts.
The adopted legislative acts provide the clear grounds to carry out the operational search activities. There are real legal guarantees of observing law, ensuring the human rights and freedoms and preventing administrative arbitrariness.
The adoption of the decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on radical improvement of social protection of judicial system employees and on organizational measures on improvement and raising efficiency of district and city courts of general jurisdiction was important in strengthening authority of judicial power and establishing an effective system of selection and placement of judicial cadres that meet modern democratic requirements.
The Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on measures to further improve the system of training judicial cadres adopted in June 2013 is aimed at enhancing the efficacy of the system of training and retraining of judicial cadres. According to it, the Tashkent State Institute of Law was reorganized to the Tashkent State University of Law and this laid the foundations for radical reforms and streamlining the judicial education system.
We need to specially emphasize the implementation of the large-scale programs on development of civil society institutions: non-state, non-profit organizations, free and independent mass media.
Today the NGOs are becoming an important factor in protecting democratic values, rights, freedoms and lawful interests of people, realizing by citizens of their potential, raising their social and economic activeness and legal awareness, and facilitate maintaining balance of interests in society.
At present, the number of NGOs functioning in Uzbekistan has exceeded 6 thousand. The volume of grants allocated by the Public fund to support NGOs and other civil society institutions at the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan has grown twofold for over the last three years.
Nowadays the NGOs are widely involved in implementation of the programs on tackling the urgent problems in the spheres of healthcare, environmental protection, employment and social support of vulnerable strata of population, as well as engaged in lawmaking process. There are public discussions of draft laws elaborated in the framework of the Concept and other legislative acts which are of a great social importance.
Thanks to the measures carried out in the framework of the Concept the domestic mass media are becoming more and more active participants of the reforms underway in the country.
The active participation of civil society institutions and the mass media in the legal experiment on approbation of the draft Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan «On transparency of activity of bodies of state power and governance» which is underway for over a year in Bukhara and Samarkand regions stands as a striking evidence of the aforesaid.
Summarizing the said, I would like to especially emphasize that at the modern stage it is important to establish an integral system of ensuring parliamentary and public control over the executive branch of power, strengthening its normative and legal basis and speeding up of adoption of appropriate legislative acts.
In this context, it is necessary to provide the soonest adoption of such draft laws being scrutinized today as «On social partnership» and «On public control in the Republic of Uzbekistan».
For these purposes it is also of a great importance the soonest adoption of the draft laws «On economic foundations of mass media» and «On guarantees of state support of mass media», and others.
Taking this opportunity, I consider it necessary to dwell on yet another issue.
Further deepening reforms based on the experience of the countries with developed democracy and the logics of political and constitutional development of Uzbekistan dictate the need to raise the role and importance of representative deputy bodies, and in short, reinforce their real capabilities in the life of our society.
In this respect, it is on the top of the agenda to further expand the role of the Legislative Chamber and Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the system of bodies of state governance and enhance their supervising functions over the activity of the Cabinet of Ministers and executive bodies, as well as their rights and authorities in implementing the strategic goals of domestic and foreign policies with introduction of relevant amendments and additions to the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Along with this, our life also puts on the agenda the issues of increasing responsibility of the Cabinet of Ministers, and in the first instance, the local khokimiyats and systematic hearing of their reports before local Kengashes (councils).
These alterations and amendments in the long run pursue our most important goal to further democratize the system of power and governance in the country and provide step-by-step implementation of the principle «from a strong state to a strong civil society».

Dear compatriots!
The radical enhancement of the role of political parties in defining the concrete priorities of socio-political and economic development and their participation in tackling the strategic tasks of reforms and modernization of the country must become the most important factor of progressive democratic changes.
The experience of developed democracies in the modern world proves that in the first instance strengthening the multiparty system and competition among political parties stands as one of the crucial conditions on which the parliamentary traditions are built, when as a result of free and fair elections the major political forces and social layers of a country’s population are represented in parliament.
I think there is no need to say that we mean the political parties which have their charter and action plan built on their own vision of addressing the problems of society.
In other words, firstly we refer to a political party that has its electorate and which gained authority among voters with its clear-cut and firm position on the key issues of state and social construction, domestic and foreign policies of the country and ability to strongly defense the interests of those who vote in favor of this party at elections.
These issues are acquiring a special urgency in the context of general elections to the Oliy Majlis and local representative bodies of power envisaged in December 2014.
Summarizing the said, I think today it is appropriate to once again refer to the preamble of our Constitution «The people of Uzbekistan, solemnly declaring their adherence to human rights and principles of state sovereignty, being aware of their ultimate responsibility to the present and the future generations, affirming their commitment to the ideals of democracy and social justice, aspiring to a worthy life for the citizens of the republic, setting forth the task of creating a humane and democratic law-governed state adopt in the person of their plenipotentiary representatives the present Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan».
Addressing to all of You present today in this hall and in Your person to entire our nation I would like to say the following: everything accomplished during the last years and everything we are planning to accomplish in the future give us all grounds to state that - we will not step back from the chosen road and everything envisaged in our Constitution will be unconditionally put in practice.

Dear compatriots!
With a view of elevating our efforts to a new and higher level in terms of ensuring comprehensive progress and prosperity of our Homeland we announced the year 2013 in our country as the “Year of Prosperous Life”, which was welcomed by our nation with profound pleasure. 
Throughout the year all strengths and capabilities of our state and society have been channeled to that purpose. The enormous work was accomplished in our country, and we can say that it has contributed much to resolving many issues and problems. 
This year we have consistently continued our work on addressing the issues, which do serve as a major condition of a prosperous life, as increasing the real incomes of population, further developing small business, private entrepreneurship and farming, as well as creating new jobs and resolving social issues. 
I think you are well aware that each year while adopting our state budget we pay a special attention to developing the social sphere. 
In 2013 60 percent of total expenditures of our budget were channeled to this sphere. This accounts for 1 trillion soums more in comparison with the year 2012. 
Today, when we speak about how the living standards of our people are increasing, I want to draw your attention to some very obvious indicators. 
At the moment every third family in our country owns an automobile. On average every 100 family in Uzbekistan owns 80 refrigerators and 146 television sets. 
And this testifies that some families own two or three television sets. Along with this, the level of people’s access to washing machines, vacuum cleaners, microwave ovens, personal computers and other necessary appliances is on the rise. 
The number of mobile phone users in our country makes up 19 million people. This means that each family owns on average 3 mobile phones. Besides, the number of Internet subscribers in Uzbekistan has grown by 18,3 percent in comparison with last year and now makes up 7 million 100 thousand people. 
Certainly, these figures testify to the fact that in the last years not only the living standards of our population, but, first of all, the quality of our life has steadily been increasing.  
We should underscore that in 2013 alone the consumer credits of almost 68 billion soums were allocated to the rural population to procure the home appliances; more than 346 billion soums of mortgage credits were given to young families to construct their own housing and cover other related needs. This means we have allocated 10 percent more mortgage credits to them in comparison with last year. 
This year more than 970 thousand new jobs have been created which we consider extremely important for us in terms of ensuring employment, and 60 percent of them have been created in the rural area. Most importantly, we have employed more than 500 thousand of young graduates of vocational colleges, and this is one of our profound achievements. 
I want to dwell upon yet another priority issue, i.e. the activity in the sphere of public health, improving and raising efficiency of the healthcare system and enhancing the prophylaxis works. 
Seven million fertile age women and 7 million 300 thousand children have gone through medical examination, 195 thousand lone elderly, disabled people and pensioners received a professional medical care. 
During this year 146 modern medical facilities have been commissioned in our country at the expense of budget funds totaling 311 billion soums. 
In particular, the new treatment block, diagnostics unit and children’s disease sanatorium were built at the Andijan regional multi-field medical center. The medical association in Chirakchi district of Kashkadarya region, the multi-field medical center for children and adults in Surkhandarya region, medical associations in Uzbekistan and Koshtepa districts of Ferghana region and tens of other hospitals were completely reconstructed. 
Along with this, the new surgery units have been commissioned at the Tashkent city Pediatric Medical Institute Clinic and Republican Pediatric Specialized Scientific-Practical Medical Center. 
In 2013 alone, more than 4 thousand patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases were treated at the cardiosurgery unit of the Republican Specialized Surgery Center and other similar hospitals.
In Namangan and Urgench cities such new methods of treatment as replacing the heart valves, congenital and acquired heart diseases surgery, implantation of electric heart pacemaker and echocardiography have been introduced. In the cities of Nukus, Karshi, Ferghana, Samarkand, Bukhara and Jizzakh the practice of continuous monitoring of heart’s functioning is broadly applied.  
Also, in Urgench, Nukus, Andijan, Samarkand cities the work is carried out on diagnosing and treating various eye diseases on the basis of computer technologies using laser and ultrasound. 
Taking this opportunity, I consider it both my duty and obligation on behalf of all of us to express gratitude to our doctors who are applying in practice the newest methods of diagnostics and treatment, and introducing the cutting-edge technologies and techniques, as well as demonstrating high skills and selflessness in treating our people.  
A lot of efforts have been made to raise education and training system to a new level. 
In 2013 756 educational institutions, musical and arts schools, as well as children’s sports facilities have been built, reconstructed and overhauled in our country. Modern computer classes, school laboratories, workshops were established and provided with necessary tools and equipment. 
It is a well-known fact that starting from this year, within the program on further enhancing the system of foreign language teaching, an in-depth studying of foreign languages in our country has been introduced from the 1st grade of secondary schools. This, certainly, is especially important since it opens new opportunities to our children to master the achievements of global science and culture, grow up as comprehensively developed and highly skilled cadres.
This year nearly 300 thousand children, in particular, 4 thousand 500 schoolchildren from the Aral Sea region, as well as 75 thousand children from low-income families were taken to summer resorts on a privileged basis where their health was improved. 
We can see the natural result and outcome of such practical work, which is progressing year to year, in the accomplishments achieved by our compatriots, above all, by our beloved children in various spheres. 
If we dwell upon some examples in this regard, all of us are happy with the fact that our schoolchildren took the first place at the 47th International Mendeleyev Olympiad in Tashkent. 
We can take the example of an 8 year-old Nodirbek Abdusattarov who became a world champion at chess - a competition of wit and intellect, or a 5 year-old, pay attention, a 5 year-old our wonder kid Islombek Sindorov who became an Asian champion. My dear friends, we cannot help but be proud of such successes, can we?
And recently at the world championship in Poland our yet another proficient sportsman Ruslan Nuriddinov secured a victory in fierce competition at the hardest type of sports - the weightlifting. You are aware that this mighty young man was awarded a high title of «O’zbekiston iftikhori» («Pride of Uzbekistan»).
Our children who glorify the Homeland around the world and whose number is continuously increasing, certainly, deserve our comprehensive support and esteem.   
Building new housings secures a special place in our extensive work carried out in the year named as the «Year of Prosperous Life». 
Speaking of this, we should note that 10 thousand standard design new housings were built in 147 districts, as well as long-term and soft loans in the amount of 1 trillion 400 billion soums were allocated for that purpose to population.  
These our works draw a keen interest not only in neighboring areas, but in the world community as well.  You are certainly well aware that the representatives of the world’s leading countries and high-profile organizations, who participated in the international forums on this very topic in April, as well as on the use of solar energy in November this year in Tashkent visited such housing and infrastructure facilities and highly praised these works. 
Taking this opportunity, it would be very expedient to express much gratitude on behalf of our nation to our builders, who are constructing these beautiful and cozy houses, and such international financial institutions as the Asian Development Bank and Islamic Development Bank who have been supporting us in this endeavor. 

Dear friends!
At the moment, our Uzbekistan, literally speaking, has turned into a vast construction site. In particular, with the purpose of developing the centers of regions in accordance with the master plan the large projects are being implemented. 
For example, we should note that in 2013 alone the construction and improvement works worth 344 billion soums have been carried out in the city of Urgench. Such large-scale works are also being continued in the cities of Karshi, Ferghana, Namangan, Nukus, Jizzakh, Shakhrisabz, Gulistan and all other regions and districts of our country. 
There is yet another major priority - providing the population with potable water through centralized water pipelines. This year 1 thousand 850 kilometers of water pipelines were laid at the expense of 213 billion soums allowing to better the water supply to 1 million 370 thousand people. 
Along with this, 8 large investment projects worth 96 million dollars are being implemented with these purposes in Andijan, Bukhara, Navoi, Surkhandarya and Ferghana regions, and the cities of Samarkand, Bukhara, Termez and Kokand. This allows to improve the potable water supply to 365 thousand people and enhance the water sewage system. 
Throughout the year the enormous works were carried out to build and reconstruct the motorways and develop the transport infrastructure. 
At a 530 kilometer-long section of the Uzbek National Motor Highway the construction and reconstruction works were undertaken. Apart from this, the domestic motorways of more than 890 kilometers which connect the rural destinations with one another and roads of cities and townships of more than 200 kilometers were reconstructed. 
At present, along with constructing the broad and smooth roads in our country much work is being accomplished to improve transport services for passengers. 
Along with the locally made and eye-pleasing buses and automobiles, the modern Mercedes buses are running along our dear capital city of Tashkent and other towns. It won’t be a mistake to say that any person cannot but be impressed seeing this picture which completely changes the look of our streets and squares. 
In this respect, I want to especially draw your attention to the following figure. The fact that we have channeled the funds of more than 3 billion dollars of the World Bank, Asian Development Bank and Islamic Development Bank along with domestic investments to implement the aforementioned tasks speaks about a lot. 
In the framework of the Program proceeding from the task of improving makhalla (neighborhood community area), which is the main component of our society, we have enhanced the self-governance system and paid a profound attention to strengthening the socio-economic role and influence of makhalla in our life. 
First of all, with such an objective the two important laws were adopted. In particular, the new edition of the Law «On self-governance bodies of citizens» broadens authorities and tasks in terms of improving the organizational foundations of the activity of this structure and social protection of the population. 
You are well aware that at the moment the nationwide elections of the chairperson of citizens’ congregation (aksakal) and his advisers. It is especially worth noting that these elections are conducted based on this law adopted in its new edition. 
This year the large-scale works have been accomplished to establish the new guzars (the neighborhood congregational venues), vending and public service stations, children’s and sports grounds in makhalla areas as well as reconstruct the inner roads and pavements, and better the multi-storied building vicinities. 

Dear compatriots!
All of us are well aware that prosperous life cannot be imagined without an active participation in family and society of our esteemed women who are our care, comfort and angels.  
Usually, we speak a lot about recognizing a profound contribution made by our sisters to the development of various spheres, raising their place and role in our life, enhancing both their political and social prestige and alleviating their burden. However, I want to pay attention yet to another side of this issue. 
When a family will be happy? When a woman is happy.
When a woman will be happy?  Above all, she will be happy if her children, family members and her husband are safe and sound. 
When a woman will be pleased with life? When her family is tranquil, when her household is prosperous and when she is confident in tomorrow. 
There are at first sight unnoticeable but important daily household chores - laundry or cooking, upbringing children or keeping house clean and tidy. And it is only a woman who can deal well with all of the aforementioned.  
All of us do know that life is not an easy journey. However, a woman will be pleased with life if there are less problems and troubles. 
As our economy gets stronger and our capabilities are expanding, we are paying greater attention to alleviating the burden of our women. In particular, this year we have accomplished a lot along this way. 
The following fact stands as an example to the aforesaid: the local enterprises manufactured about 310 thousand kitchen and home appliances and those items worth of 130 million soums were delivered for free to the needy families. 
At the same time, the new public service stations, bakeries, confectionary workshops, small markets, shops, children’s playing grounds, family recreation facilities and beauty salons were established in the makhallas and residential areas. 
We will certainly continue such activities aimed at creating comfortable conditions to our women and for this purpose we will find both the funds and opportunities. 
As an obvious confirmation of the aforesaid we should note that in 2013 the commercial banks have allocated 117 billion soums of credit funds to actively involve women to and support them in entrepreneurship. We should especially note that in its turn this allows many women to launch their own business and in this way benefit both their families and our nation, and find their due place in life. 

Dear friends!
Certainly, we can speak a lot about the work that we have accomplished in the «Year of Prosperous Life». In this respect I deem it necessary to draw your attention only to the following figure. 
The fact that at the expense of all sources more than 6 trillion 930 billion soums and 471 million dollars have been spent in the framework of this program vividly testifies about enormous scale and large scope of the accomplished work. 
Taking this opportunity, on behalf of myself and our nation, I express a sincere gratitude to the state and non-state organizations, farming and entrepreneurship entities of our country who have contributed to such a noble cause, to foreign and international structures, ambassadors of foreign countries and representatives of diplomatic missions present in this hall who have helped us, as well as all those who have diligently labored in this virtuous path. 

Dear participants of the meeting!
Now we should discuss and exchange opinions with you on how to name the upcoming new year of 2014. 
From the ancient times each and every parent aspires their child to be healthy and harmoniously developed, smart, intelligent and happy.  It would be very true to say that it is the greatest and most sacred dream of parents to bring up such a child and ensure a due place for him in life.
When we say healthy we understand not only a physically but also a spiritually sound child. 
You are well aware that starting from the early years of our independence the issue of ‘healthy mother - healthy child’ was put on the top of agenda of state policy and our profound activities accomplished in the framework of the large-scale nationwide programs have been well recognized in the world. 
Along with this today’s vibrant time and the life itself puts forward the new, very important and urgent tasks in terms of upbringing the younger generation. 
Taking into consideration the aforementioned, with a goal of consistently continuing and enhancing our work on upbringing comprehensively healthy generation, I propose to announce the new year of 2014 as “The Year of a Healthy Child” in our country. 

Dear compatriots!
All of us well understand that birth of a healthy child and his strong and sound growth depend on many requirements and factors. However, there are very important and decisive criteria among them that I consider necessary to especially dwell upon. 
First, a healthy child is, above all, a product of a healthy and harmonious family. We accept a family as a nurturing place which provides a continuity of life and is capable to yield a strong influence on the fate of future generations. Such noble qualities as respecting the elderly and honoring the young, humaneness, mercy and kindness, loyalty to Homeland and the nation are established in a family climate. 
It is natural that birth of a healthy child, firstly, depends on the health of a mother. The mother-to-be for over a span of nine months cares and nurtures her beloved one given by God and delivers it to the world. Along this process the experience of a woman and her spiritual state, certainly, influences her foetus. 
It is a duty of a man and our entire society to honor a woman, release her from hard work and safeguard from various diseases. In order to avoid this truth to turn into an empty word all of us ought to feel responsibility and put it into our practice.  
While drafting the State program «The Year of a Healthy Child» we should put in the focus of our attention, first of all, such issues as protecting motherhood and childhood, promoting a healthy atmosphere in families and reinforcing their economic and moral foundations.
Second, all of us are well aware that there is a profound role, influence and responsibility of the healthcare system in upbringing a healthy child.
The program must envisage enhancement of our works in terms of strengthening the logistical basis of mother and child care medical facilities: screening and prenatal centers, maternity welfare centers and maternity hospitals, gynecology and patronage services, rural medical stations, and supplying them with the latest equipment and providing the with skilled cadres.
Taking into account the recommendations of the World Health Organization, we should further raise the efficiency of our efforts aimed at ensuring timely and quality nutrition of pregnant women and infants, manufacturing special polyvitamins and products enriched with necessary microelements, constant medical examination of children and protecting them from various diseases. 
All of us well understand that the medical awareness of population and, especially, the parents is very important in nurturing a healthy child. Therefore, in drafting the program it will be expedient to pay a special attention to the large-scale propaganda to raise the medical awareness. 
It is well-known that the practice of pre-marriage medical examination of the newlyweds was introduced in Uzbekistan with a main goal to establish a healthy family and deliver a healthy child. 
However, unfortunately we must be concerned of irresponsible practices related to the life of a human being and fate of an expected child, issuing false and superficial findings, and buying off the medical reports. I think that it is a high time to raise a responsibility and accountability of medical personnel in these matters, i.e. for the birth of healthy and flawless children.
Third, the role and impact of education and sports should be further promoted in upbringing a healthy child. 
In the program a special attention should be paid to expanding the system of pre-school educational institutions, supplying them with contemporary equipment, high-skilled pedagogues and enhancing the quality of pre-school training of children. 
The period of elementary school is a core period in physical and psychological development of a child. All of us well know that, unfortunately, during the Soviet regime this issue lacked a sufficient attention. It was the teachers with mainly a secondary special education who were involved in teaching at elementary classes.
Taking into consideration the role and significance of elementary education in the life of young generation, we have abolished such an unacceptable system and today this task is entrusted to pedagogue cadres with a higher education and high professional skills. 
The program must envisage such issues as increasing the quality of elementary education, improving the educational standards, curricula and textbooks, and broadly introducing advanced teaching, information and communication technologies. 
Proceeding from the goals and objectives of «The Year of a Healthy Child», we ought to implement the clear-cut measures in terms of nurturing in our children, especially girls, a love in physical culture and sports, and propagating among them a healthy lifestyle. 
Fourth, all of us are well aware that upbringing our children and the new generation in a healthy and harmonious way, no doubt, must remain in the focus of attention of our state and society and turn  into a priority direction of our policy. 
For this purpose, there is a profound role of the state to develop all the spheres and processes related to this task and upgrade them to a modern level.
Taking this into account, certainly, it is obvious that in the framework of the program «The Year of a Healthy Child» we need to further strengthen our attention to the following issues: drafting the annual plans; distributing the funds to tackle problems in various spheres and branches, especially, in the social sphere; and creating the appropriate modern conditions.
Along with this, it is especially important to learn the best practices of the developed states of the world in this issue and put them into practice in our country. 
Fifth, I think it is no need to overly speak about a profound role and influence of makhalla and social structures in upbringing a healthy child. Certainly, there is a deep meaning in the proverb of our people: «It takes seven makhallas to bring up a child». 
From this point of view, the responsibility of makhalla aksakals, advisers on religion, enlightenment and spiritual upbringing, and makhalla posbons (neighborhood safety watchmen) will ever increase in consolidating the atmosphere of peace and tranquility, mutual respect and accord, vigilance and awareness in the life of our society. 
Especially, we lean upon the experienced makhalla activists in tackling such issues as upbringing girls, helping them to master contemporary knowledge and skills, preventing early marriages and family conflicts, holding the traditional ceremonies in a modest and organized manner. 
We ought to promote the activity of makhalla and relegate them the new authorities and opportunities in terms of involving our children in various education circles, rendering material and spiritual relief to the low-income families, developing the local entrepreneurship and other issues. 
It goes without saying that implementation of these priority tasks requires further improvement of the current normative and legal basis. 

Dear compatriots!
Speaking about the main goals and objectives of «The Year of a Healthy Child», I think it is worthwhile to once again recall the following wisdom widely known among our nation which goes as follows: «The country with healthy children will be strong, and the children of a strong country will be healthy». 
If I am asked about the major factors in our new history of twenty-two years of independence that allowed us to build our national statehood and our future, protect our country from various evils and vices, join the ranks of developed democratic states and find a high prestige on the world arena, I would say the following: without denying other factors the most important factor along this way is our comprehensively developed, both physically and spiritually healthy generation inferior to no one, the generation which is proud and capable to take on a responsibility for the fate and future of our Homeland, and build a great state with a future aspired by our nation. 
Our people deeply comprehend this truth.  They broadly support this truth feeling it with their hearts and souls, and today this gives its outcome and results. And the entire world is recognizing this and looking at us with admiration. 
We consider our belief and respect towards our children, who are our support and buttress, pride and honor as a reflection of confidence in our future and respect to our nation and people. 
I believe that all our today’s plans and tasks in the framework of the program of «The Year of a Healthy Child» will serve these very noble purposes.
My dear compatriots, I once again congratulate you on the Constitution Day and wish all of you a sound health, all blessings and plenty to your homes.

December 8 - the Constitution Day of the Republic of Uzbekistan

December 8 - the Constitution Day CHILDREN STUDY THE CONSTITUTION
 

Everyone is entitled to education.
The state guarantees the attainment of free universal education.
Article 41 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan
 
In the process of wide-ranging reforms being undertaken under the leadership of President Islam Karimov in the education and upbringing system of our country, a particular emphasis is placed on the consolidation of juridical knowledge among the younger generation and the further perfection of law education. The resolution of the head of our state “On the Arrangement of Study of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan” signed 4 January 2001 serves as a crucial factor in securing the effectiveness in these efforts.
The principal goal sought from that resolution is the profound study of Uzbekistan’s Constitution, its role in the society, in the formation and elevation of legal consciousness, of thinking mode and culture of the younger generation, in the extensive propaganda of the essence and significance of the Basic Law. In accordance with the resolution, the principles and concepts stipulated in the Basic Law have currently been studied in all education institutions, including pre-school education institutions.
This can be seen also in the case of the pre-school education institution no.589 in the Sergeli district of Tashkent. Here, lessons are run in senior and preparatory groups to learn the Constitution with the application of effective methodologies.
… It is a usual day in the kindergarten with sounds of joyous voices and cheerful laughs of kids. The pupils of junior and senior groups, by laying their hands on their breasts, sing the State Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The chief song of our nation, performed with the sincerity characteristic of children, overfills the hearts with a sense of special pride with its deep meaning. Afterwards, the kindergarten teacher of the preparatory group Manzura Nurmatova tells the children about the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, independence of our country, its state symbols, language, currency unit, as well as the rights and freedoms of citizens in a language accessible to kids and with the help of simple and understandable means: various pictures, booklets and banners. Then, she addresses the children with a question:
“Well, which one of you can tell what holiday our country is going to celebrate soon?”
The kids lift their arms in unison:
“Let me say! I know what it is!”
“Sevara, go ahead and tell us”
Sevara Murtazoeva answers clearly and in uplifted tone:
“It is the Day of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.”
“And when was our Constitution adopted?”
“On the 8th of December 1992.”
“What a clever girl! And who can name the state symbols of the Republic of Uzbekistan?”
The kids lift their arms all at once.
The kindergarten teacher suggests, “Let Ulugbek say it!”
“Uzbekistan has its own flag, emblem and anthem.”
“That’s correct, well done!” the instructor praises him…
To teach our kids from their early childhood to be aware of their rights and duties and be conscious of their responsibility before the state and society is one of the important objectives the kindergarten and school teachers are tasked with. Therefore, the Constitution classes conducted in this education institution serves to deliver the children with initial knowledge on the state with a rule of law, to have them realize their rights and duties, to bring them up in the spirit of love and devotion to the Motherland and ideas of independence. After all, in the age of globalization, only the younger generation that realizes its own rights, a generation dedicated to its duty, with an independent thinking and high spiritual and ethic qualities is capable of becoming a decisive force of our future days.
Our Basic Law not only guarantees the rights and freedoms of every person, but it also defines their duty and commitments before the state and society. Our country’s Constitution serves as a principal document in the process of providing our children with knowledge from their early childhood, for them to acquire a profession, to form as qualified specialists and, as the President of the country notes, and to raise them as robust, educated, mature and happy people in all respects.
Some 500 children are nurtured at the pre-school education institution no.589. All the conveniences are created here for their development as healthy and comprehensively advanced individuals.
Hobby clubs in foreign languages, artistic gymnastics, dance and checkers are organized at the kindergarten, along with classes in music and physical culture. Interesting games and competitions are held to facilitate their development as physically sound, clever, spiritually mature people, while a diversity of review contests, sporting competitions and concert shows serve for the formation and realization of their talents and abilities. 




21nd ANNIVERSARY OF UZBEKISTAN CONSTITUTION

UZBEKISTAN WILL CELEBRATE
THE 21nd ANNIVERSARY OF ITS CONSTITUTION
 
Since the first years of Uzbekistan’s independence the main purpose of large-scale reforms has been to build a democratic state with a socially oriented market economy and a strong civil society. The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, adopted 21 years ago - on 8 December 1992, in which a human being, his / her life, freedom, honour, dignity and other inalienable rights were declared as the highest value, became a solid legal foundation to achieve these goals.
To the basis of the Constitution laid five principles of the «Uzbek model» of development, worked out by the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov - priority of economics over politics, state as the main reformer, rule of law, strong social policy, gradual and evolutionary reforms.
The main law of Uzbekistan - a document of historical significance, its ideas and norms reflect centuries of experience and spiritual values, rich legal heritage of the Uzbek people. Along with this, it comprised the best of advanced practices of constitutional construction of many democratic countries. Before being adopted, the Constitution’s draft went through a comprehensive examination - the social, legal, linguistic and international - with the participation of leading international experts.
The adoption of the Constitution laid the basis for creation of a comprehensive legal system in Uzbekistan. Over the past period, the country’s Parliament adopted 15 codes, over 600 laws, ratified more than 200 multilateral international treaties.
Today Uzbekistan has a stable and dynamically developing political system, including the bicameral parliament which works on the professional basis. All conditions have been formed for a free and active participation of citizens, political parties and other civil society institutions in the implementation of the most important tasks of social, economic, political and legal development of the state.
Reforms in Uzbekistan have a systematic and consistent character. Thus, developed by the President of the country «The Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society» (November 2010) opens a fundamentally new stage of development of the state, representing the strategy of a logical continuation of democratic reforms in the framework of the Constitution.
Based on the Concept, in March 2011 the Law «On introduction of changes and amendments to some articles of the Constitution of Uzbekistan (Articles 78, 80, 93, 96 and 98)» was adopted. It aims at further democratization of state power and management, ensuring a more balanced distribution of powers between three subjects of the state authority: president - the head of state, legislative and executive branches, as well as strengthening the role and influence of political parties. Under the new law, part of the President’s authority was transferred to the Senate, while powers and authority of the Prime Minister were also strengthened.
In Uzbekistan, according to the principle «From a strong state to a strong civil society», an advanced election system was established. Regular elections conducted at multiparty basis clearly demonstrate the implementation of the right of citizens to vote and to be elected, as well as contribute to the growth of their social and political activity.
Radical reforms were implemented to liberalize the legal system. The independence of the judiciary and specialization of courts were ensured, the institution of appeal was reformed, the appellate procedure for reviewing cases and the institution of reconciliation were introduced, the equality of sides on all stages of the legal process was guaranteed. As part of the implementation of the articles of the Constitution saying that the right to life is an inalienable natural right of every person, from 1 January 2008 the death penalty was abolished in the country. The courts were empowered to issue sanctions for arrest (institute of "Habeas Corpus").
Uzbekistan has accumulated a significant experience in the field of human rights and freedoms. Based on the norms of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the system of national institutions was created that promote the rule of law, protection of personal, political, economic, social and cultural rights of citizens. A system of continuous education on human rights and improvement of legal culture of population was formed.
Another important component of reforms is the formation of an open civil society. Civil institutions play an increasingly important role in our society. Today there are over 6000 NGOs operating in the various spheres of life. They enjoy a significant state support in the form of subsidies, grants and social orders.
A comprehensive work is being conducted on the gradual democratic reforming of the information sector, implementation of constitutional rights of citizens to the freedom of thought, expression and belief, ensuring the transparency of reforms, openness of the authority bodies, strengthening the independence and economic self-sufficiency of mass media. In the last ten years the number of print media in the country has increased 1.5 times, electronic media - 7 times. Today in Uzbekistan there are more than 1200 media outlets, most of which are private.
The Constitution also established a solid foundation for dynamic and sustainable development of the national economy, continuous improvement of the people's welfare. This is evidenced by the fact that even during the global financial crisis, the GDP growth rate in Uzbekistan was an average of at least 8.2%. The country has a strong, competitive, socially oriented market economy, rapidly growing small business and private entrepreneurship. New companies producing goods demanded in domestic and external markets are emerging, new jobs are being created, income of population is increasing.
To date, Uzbekistan’s gross domestic product has grown 3.1 times if compared to figures of the year 2000, and in per capita calculus it has risen 2.6 times. The volume of exports has increased 4.4 times; the nominal wage has multiplied 22 times in comparable prices; the average retiree pension has grown 12.7 times; per capita real incomes have swelled 8.4 times, while the economic growth within the last six years has been exceeding 8 %.
Achievements in the past period, including the fuel and energy as well as grain independence, the total self-sufficiency in essential consumer goods, and crucially, the public healthcare (notably, the 3.2 times reduction in maternal mortality and the 3.4 decrease in child mortality, the growth in life expectancy from 66 to 73.5 years) - all this is suggestive of an immense path of growth and development Uzbekistan have passed, of the rising living standards of Uzbek people.
One of the major achievements of Uzbekistan during years of independence is preservation and strengthening of environment of peace and stability, interethnic and interreligious harmony in the country. It is a direct result of observance of the constitutional principle of respecting languages, customs and traditions of all nations and nationalities living in the country. Today more than 130 nationalities live in peace in Uzbekistan.
The Constitution of Uzbekistan embodies a new, progressive constitutional model. It creates all necessary conditions for the evolutionary legal development of the state and society, their effective interaction in order to increase dynamics and efficiency of democratic reforms.